Lower Atmospheric Wind Dynamics as Measured by the 1290 MHz Wind Profiler Radar Located at Cardington (Lat. 52.10ºN, Long. 0.42ºE), UK and Their Comparisons with Near-by Radiosonde Instrument

Main Article Content

M. Satyavani
P. S. Brahmanandam
P. S. V. Subba Rao
M. P. Rao

Abstract

This study reports diurnal variations of wind directions, wind speed of vector winds, and the evolution of boundary layer (BL) over a mid-latitude measured using a transportable 1290 MHz wind profiling radar located at Cardington (Lat. 52.10ºN; Long. 0.42ºE), Bedfordshire, UK from 17 to 28 April 2010. The horizontal winds show benign behavior during nighttime hours, while winds during daytime hours had magnitudes around, on average, 10-20 m/s, in the majority of the cases. The heights of the boundary layer (BL) varied from as low as ~1100 m to ~2600 km and BL height had shown to have evolved from 0700 universal time (UT) onwards and collapsed by 0000 UT.  Besides, a comparison made between winds measured by the 1290 MHz radar and near-by radiosonde showed a moderate similitude between them, albeit a few discrepancies are found in wind directions and speeds. The possible reasons for these discrepancies could be different volume sensing of observations of these independent observations. An attempt is, therefore, made to calculate radiosonde balloon drifts [1] for the ascending node of the balloons, which had confirmed that the balloons often drifted horizontally as long as up to 100 km. The large drifts, most probably, are the possible reasons for the mismatching of winds measured by these two independent remote sensing instruments.

Keywords:
Wind profiling radar, horizontal winds, boundary layer, balloon borne radiosonde.

Article Details

How to Cite
Satyavani, M., Brahmanandam, P. S., V. Subba Rao, P. S., & P. Rao, M. (2020). Lower Atmospheric Wind Dynamics as Measured by the 1290 MHz Wind Profiler Radar Located at Cardington (Lat. 52.10ºN, Long. 0.42ºE), UK and Their Comparisons with Near-by Radiosonde Instrument. Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, 8(1), 22-35. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajarr/2020/v8i130190
Section
Original Research Article

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